Tuesday, May 27, 2008

Toba Lake from Legend to Tourism Object

Toba Lake

This is the volcanic lake about 3,000 square meters, located at North Sumatera, Sumatera Island, Indonesia. In the middle of this lake, lay a large island called Samosir. This island is volcanic too. The folk language said, Toba from the word Loba mean stingy, niggardly or miserly. But, the legend beyond these lake and island is interesting.

The people whose live nearby this lake said, a long time ago, there live a very poor-orphan fisherman, Toba is his name. Once day, Toba was fishing at the river and got a golden fish. This fish was very beautiful. When, the fisherman touched the fish, the fish transfigure become a very beautiful woman. The legend said she was a princess and cursed become a fish. The princess as thanks for the fisherman, she agreed to married with him. With one condition, never talking about what she was…….After a year of married, they were had a boy, and they named Samosir. Samosir was very cute boy but had a very bad attitude, never satisfy about the food. He was eat and eat, again and again. Samosir also eat everything. One day, Toba knowing his boy was never stop eat, and then Toba was going mad, angry and yelling to the boy “what a fish boy…!!!”

The mother (the princess from fish) heard her husband yell. She was very sad because her husband violated the promise. She going to her son and told to Samosir to go to the higher ground and said because of samosir’s father broke the promise, she will be transfigure again become a fish once more. After Samosir reach the highest ground, the fish princess pray to the God to revive her again. After the pray, the heavy rainfall come to the earth, flooded everything except the ground when Samosir stand. The flooded become a lake called Toba and the ground becomes an island called Samosir Island.

In the fact, the lake and the island was formed from volcano eruption about 75,000 years ago, which was clustered from Mount Tambora eruption. The combination from the legend and the nature effect, make the Toba lake become a very good tourism object and of course the icon of North Sumatera tourism object.

For decades a magnet from regional and foreign visitors alike, Toba has developed into a full-featured highland resort while retaining the rustic charm and relaxed ambiance that define Toba's attraction. Toba lake formed by the folk-legend and by a stupendous prehistoric volcanic explosion, make this lake is the largest is Southeast Asia and one of the deepest and highest in the world. The drama of that cataclysmic birth persist in 500 meter cliffs dropping into the blue-green waters, Surrounded by steep, pine covered sloped, the climate is fresh and pleasant, with just enough rain to support the lush vegetation.

Samosir Island

On the other side, Samosir, the large island in the center of the lake, is the home of the Toba batak, considered -at least by the Toba Batak - as the original Batak tribe. One of the prominent ethnic groups in the Indonesia, Bataks living in distant cities will regularly return to their ancestral island. Even people not sharing the spiritual and historic connection with the island often return to Samosir, drawn by the enchanting natural beauty and fascinating culture.

Samosir Island
(photo from : samosir.co.id)

Inside the large island of Samosir, there a three megalithic sites on which bear ancient cultures and also as the witness to the glory of Batak history. The three consist of 300-year-old stone seats and benches arrayed in a circle. The first set of ruins was used as a conference area for Batak kings or Raja. At the second site, the rajas would sit in judgment of a criminal or enemy prisoner. If the accused were found guilty, the assembly would move to the third set, which features the ghastly addition of a central stone execution block. The very wonderful are, there are two lakes on the Samosir island is called sidihoni and Aek Natonang. That's why the villages called "The Lakes beyond the Lake"

The Three Megalithic Sites Inside Samosir
(photos from : samosir.co.id)

Whatever Toba and Samosir formed, whenever they formed...
Toba Lake and Samosir Island are very good landscape and wonderful tourism object.

Wednesday, May 21, 2008

Borobudur Temple

A Buddhist temple located at Magelang, Center Java. Established by Syailendra Clan, from Hindu Mataram Empire in 750 A.D or 300 year before the Angkor Wat Temple in Cambodia or 400 year before the Catholic churches in Europe. The high of this temple is about 42 meter and about 15.29 square meter, makes this temple is the biggest Buddhist temple in the world. Decorated with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues. A main dome is located at the center of the top platform, and is surrounded by seventy-two Buddha statues seated inside perforated stupa.

The Stupa

The Buddha Statue

The Javanese language called temple with Candi, candi Borobudur. The theory of the name of Borobudur is came from “Bara and Beduhur”. Bara is adopted from sanskirt language it mean temple and Beduhur is high. However, the Borobudur name recorded first from English language, by Sir Thomas Raffles, the British Ruler of Java. He was rediscovered this temple at 1814.

Borobudur has since been preserved through several restorations. The largest restoration project was undertaken between 1975 and 1982 by the Indonesian government and Unesco, following which the monument was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site

References :
Borobudur Park

See Also:
Borobudur Home Page
Borobudur's architecture

Other Pictures of Borobudur

From : musadiqmarhaban.wordpress.com

From : www.travel-earth.com

from : www.nationalgeographic.com

Komodo Dragon

Komodo (varanus komodoensis) in Indonesian language Biawak Komodo. Biawak is a species of lizard. Komodo is very big, some said Komodo Dragon, and live only one place in this world, Indonesia. Komodo inhabit in Komodo island, Flores, Rinca, Gili Motang and Gili Dasami. Their length can reach 3 meters, and their weigh can reach 70kg or so. Their nest usually under the ground, under root of plant and sometimes under the big stones. This big lizard is very fast on running or swimming.

Komodo is a carnivore and with their venomous and bacterial teeth, no animal can survive while komodo ambush them. Komodo mating between May and August which their egg laid on September. Komodo egg can be twenty or so and incubated about 8 months. The young Komodo are vulnerable and therefore dwell in trees, safe from predators and cannibalistic adults. The komodo large size and their reputation make komodo become the most animal on the zoo.

Komodo Island

Komodo coin on Indonesian Currency

References :
National Park of Komodo

Wednesday, May 14, 2008

Pencak Silat

Silat, is the Indonesian traditional martial art. According to its history, silat is Malay’s (Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, South Philippine and South Thailand) cultures. In Indonesia, the Malay tribes is called for Sumatera and Kalimantan islands.

In 7th century, silat is dispersing to all Nusantara archipelago, now call Indonesia. At this time, silat is not only used by Sumatera or Kalimantan people only, but using to by Javanese, Balinese and also using by the tribes which domiciled at Sulawesi Island. From the folk martial arts becoming a tradition to learn by boys, even for royal of ancient kingdoms. In the early 14th century, the great Pendekar (martial artist of silat) born not only from Sumatera, The Great Gajah Mada for example. He was a Mahapatih (prime minister) of Majapahit kingdom, whose unite for almost all south east asia with silat. Majapahit was at Java island. In Javanese languages, silat is called pencak. That’s why in Indonesian modern language is called pencak silat.

At the Islamic period, silat becomes main sport at the Pesantren (Indonesian muslim’ school). Pencak Silat was also becomes symbolize of Indonesian war for freedom against the imperialism of VOC and Dutch Kingdom. All Indonesian heroes of freedom are Pendekar Pencak Silat.

Pendekar Silat

In the modern period, Pencak Silat growing more and more. Under The International Pencak Silat Federation, pencak silat is promoted to the world even to Europe and America. On 1986, the world cup of Pencak Silat, for the first time placed outer of Asia, Wina – Austria. The destination of this martial arts is becoming one of multi sport of Olympic games.

Western students learning silat

Other Beauties